Cooperation with International Organizations
The national telecommunication carrier Ukrtelecom JSC is the major provider of telecommunication services in
One of Ukrtelecom’s priorities is the cooperation with international organizations that stipulates for the development of foreign economic relations in the field of telecommunication by the following lines:
- joining international and European telecommunication unions, commissions, committees and associations as well as participation in international conferences, seminars and exhibitions held under the aegis of the above organizations;
- stepwise implementation of international standards on the basis of study of recommendations from intra-state structures (ITU, ETSI, RTC, etc.) in the field of telecommunication;
- attraction of foreign credits and investments with the purpose of development of Ukrtelecom’s networks and services.
International organizations cooperating with Ukrtelecom
1. International Telecommunication Union (ITU);
1.1. Development Sector (ITU-D);
1.2. Standardization Sector (ITU-T);
2.1. RCC Telecommunication Operators Board;
3. International organizations of satellite and space communications (IO SSC):
4. Conference of European Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT);
5. European Union.
1. International Telecommunication
ITU is a global organization, within which Member states coordinate the construction and operation of telecommunication networks and services. ITU is in charge with the regulation, standardization, coordination and development of international telecommunication as well as with the harmonization of the countries’ national policy in this field.
ITU was founded in 1865 by the decision of 20 European countries with the purpose of integration of telegraph networks and coordination of general rules for the equipment standardization that would ensure their interconnection.
ITU members - 188 member states.
Main lines of ITU activity:
Development and expansion of international cooperation among all ITU Members with the purpose of upgrading and efficient use of all kinds of telecommunication;
Promotion of modernization of technical facilities and propagation of technological innovations among population;
International promotion of more general approach to telecommunication issues within global information economy by cooperating with international and regional intergovernmental organizations.
ITU performs legislative, managerial and executive functions.
1.1. Development Sector:
The objectives of the Development Sector are ”to promote technical assistance and provide it to the countries that are under development in the field of telecommunication, to support mobilization of material and financial resources required for doing this” and also “to expedite the propagation of advantages of technological innovations in the field of telecommunication in favor of all planet population”.
1.2. Standardization Sector
The tasks of the Standardization Sector include promotion of the world-wide propagation of technological innovations in the field of telecommunication, improvement of the procedures for international telecommunication standardization with proper quality of service being ensured and stirring up the globalization, convergence, Internet expansion and other processes.
Besides, the Standardization Sector studies and establishes rules, approves resolutions, lays down recommendations and wills, as well as collects and publishes telecommunication information.
State and outlooks of cooperation
Ukrtelecom JSC sits on the Study Commissions of the ITU Standardization Sector together with the Derzhkomzviazku delegation;
Ukrtelecom JSC participates in ITU events (Development Sector and Standardization Sector);
It is planned to expand Ukrtelecom’s participation in ITU commissions;
The work on Ukrtelecom JSC membership in the ITU Development Sector is carried out;
Ukrtelecom JSC is involved in the process of studying lawmaking experience and creation of proposals on the modification of Ukrainian telecommunication legislation.
RCC was founded by telecommunication administrations of the states pursuant to The Agreement on the Foundation of the
The RCC Members, on a voluntary basis, include communication administrations of the following countries:
- Republic of
Azerbaijan Republic of Armenia Republic of Belarus Republic of Kazakhstan Republic of Kyrgyzstan Republic of Moldova Russian Federation Republic of Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine
Main lines of RCC activity:
- Joint study of proposals submitted for consideration at the congresses and conferences of international communication organizations and their working authorities, and preparation of recommendations illustrating common interests of RCC members in the field of telecommunication;
- Coordination of scientific and technical policy conceptions development;
- Coordination in the field of general principles of tariff policy.
2.1. RCC Operators Board (
RCC Telecommunication Operators Board is a RCC authority accountable to the high authority of RCC - the Board of Heads of RCC Communications Administrations.
The aims of RCC OB are the cooperation and coordination of the activities of the operators-RCC
Main lines of RCC
- coordination of issues on the operation of transport networks, automated telephony networks and services, documentary telecommunication networks and services, and mobile networks;
- organization of agreed interaction on the operative and technical network management along interstate communication routes, including in emergency situations;
- upgrading principles and discipline of inter-carrier settlements for services. Participation in the development and realization of the coordinated tariff policy;
- cooperation on shifting interstate communication to the international level. Since 1997, the Operators Board has been headed by the Ukrainian State Telecommunication Enterprise Ukrtelecom. Pursuant to the appropriate letter from Derzhkomzviazku, Ukrtelecom JSC shall be its successor.
Telecommunication operators have actually settled the matter on communication management within CIS. There were developed documents on telegraph exchange, recommendations on the identification and protection of international communication in CIS countries against unauthorized routing of telephone traffic, etc.
State and outlooks of cooperation
- Ukrtelecom carries out coordinating activity on the participation in the scheduled RCC sessions.
- Ukrtelecom participates in the actions held by subject working groups.
- Agreement on the Foundation of the Regional Commonwealth in the field of Telecommunications dated
December 12, 1991.
- Resolution of the RCC Board of Communication Administrations Heads No. 17/3 dated
June 5, 1997 agreed with the RCC By-Laws.
- The RCC By-Laws was approved by the decision of the Board of Heads.
- Minutes No. 2 dated
January 23-24, 1992.
3. International organizations of satellite and space communication (IO SSC):
Being founded in 1964, INTELSAT is the largest International organization of satellite communication in the world and, presently, provides about 180 countries with the satellite communication services. It includes 143 states. Total space segment includes about 120,000 telephone circuits via 17 satellites on the Geostationary Earth Orbit that work around the clock. Satellites are located in three main zones of the Geostationary Earth Orbit above the Atlantic, Pacific and
Ukraine is the INTELSAT member according to the Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 474 dated
EUTELSAT (the European Telecommunications Satellite Organization) was founded in 1985 and now represents 46 member states of
The Government of Ukraine joined this organization in December 1993 by having signed the EUTELSAT Convention and EUTELSAT Maintenance Agreement. Pursuant to the Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 474 dated July 11, 1994 On Regulation of Participation of Ministries and Departments in International Organizations Participated by Ukraine.
4. Conference of European Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT)
CEPT was founded by the Telecommunication Administrations of European countries in 1959 with the purpose of solving common problems, developing and coordinating positions in the international actions, carrying out the coordinated telecommunication policy and regulation, developing and implementing unified standards and organizing cooperation with other European organizations.
EU supports SEPT activity on the approximation of national policies of the Member states in the field of telecommunication and the coordination of some telecommunication issues based on intergovernmental agreements.
CEPT members include Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Vatican, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Greece, Georgia, Denmark, Estonia, Island, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Spain, Cyprus, Latvia, Luxemburg, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Netherlands, Germany, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Rumania, Russia, San-Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Hungary, Ukraine, Finland, France, Croatia, Czechia, Sweden, Switzerland.
Main lines of CEPT activity:
The main CEPT activities are distributed among committees.
CEPT Committees are as follows:
- ECTRA – European Committee for Telecommunication Regulatory Affairs (regulator in the field of telecommunication);
- CERP - European Committee on Postal Regulation (regulator in the field of post communication);
- ERC – European Radiocommunications Committee (Radiocommittee).
According to the September Conference, ECTRA and ERC Committees were combined into one Electronic Communication Committee (ECC).
There was established the Board on the support of Central and Eastern European countries. All these working authorities have a right to create working and project groups within their competence.
All kinds of documents issued by CEPT include:
- Recommendations (to be fulfilled as agreed by each Administration);
- Special agreements;
- Decisions (necessary to be enforced).
State and outlooks of cooperation:
- Telecommunications Administration of Ukraine was admitted to CEPT on
March 3, 1995.
- The actions on the participation in CEPT activity are the component of arrangements aimed at the implementation of the Program on Ukraine Integration to the European Union, Joint Working Program, and the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement between
Ukraine and EU (PCA) where Ukrtelecom JSC takes active part.
5. European Union (EU)
European Union (hereinafter – “EU”) is the most powerful and developed community of today, which political and economic potential is increasingly growing. EU is the organization, which has achieved a high level of political integration, legal unification, economic cooperation, social protection and cultural development in the process of its evolution.
The foundation of the European Union in the form it has now was preceded by the long-run process of European integration mirrored in a number of agreements, i.e. the Paris Agreement, (1951), the Rome Agreements (1957), the Single European Act (1987), the Maastricht Treaty (1992) and the Amsterdam Treaty (1997) [which came into effect in 1999].
State and outlooks of cooperation:
- Ukrtelecom took part in the formation of the state Program of integration into EU.
- Ukrtelecom participated in the development of the Sector Program of Cooperation with EU Member States, and Central and Eastern European Countries in the field of adaptation of Ukrainian legislation to the legislation of EU Member States in the field of telecommunication.
- The Partnership and Cooperation Agreement between
Ukraine and EU (PCA), signed on June 1994;
- Strategy of
Ukraine’s integration into European Union approved by the Decree of the President of Ukraine of June 11, 1998 No. 615/98;
- The Program of Integration of Ukraine into the European
Union approved by the Decree of the President of Ukraine of September, 14, 2000 No. 1072/2000;
- The Concept of development of relationship with EU in the field of telecommunication;
- The Sector Program of Development of relationship with EU;
- Letter of Intent between Derzhkomzviazku of
Ukraine and the Directorate General XIII of the European Commission.